Baby teeth are very important for a child, because they provide the growth of the jaws, and good chewing of food, participate in the formation of the correct pronunciation (diction). Therefore, it is very important for parents to know: when you need to start brushing your baby’s teeth, how to teach your child to brush their teeth, which paste is best and safest to use.
From what age brush your child's teeth -
When to start brushing your child's teeth: you should start hygienic oral care for your baby before the appearance of the first teeth, i.e. it must be done from birth. Frequency of hygiene: at least 2 times a day (after breakfast and after the last day feeding).
To clean baby's gums -
1) put the child on his knees (put his head closer to his chest),
2) gently but firmly, wipe with a clean, moist gauze pad on both sides of the upper and lower gums (for convenience, you can wrap a piece of bandage on your finger). In addition, there are special fabric fingertips for these purposes.
A gauze tampon can be moistened with plain water, but it is better to use special “skins” for this, which are designed to care for both the gums and teeth for babies from 0 years old. For example, foam for teeth and gums of the series "SPLAT Junior" from 0 to 4 years (Fig. 2).
The positive properties of foam for cleaning gums -
SPLAT Junior foams contain a complex of dairy enzymes (lactoperoxidase, lactoferrin, glucose oxidase and lysozyme), which enhance the mucosal immunity and protect it from bacterial and viral infections, such as stomatitis. Licorice extract, glycyrrhizinate, creatine and arginine - have an anti-inflammatory effect and thereby reduce the negative symptoms of eruption.
In addition to the above, the first version of the foam contains calcium in the form of Calcis (this foam is optimally used for up to a year), and the second option - a low dosage of fluorides (100 ppm of aminofluoride and sodium fluoride). The second foam is optimally used from the 1st year. The cost of foams - from 160 rubles.
How to brush teeth for children -
As a rule, the process of teething of milk teeth begins in the period of 6-10 months and ends in the period of 24-31 months. In some children, this process is disturbing and painful, in others it occurs with little or no discomfort and irritability. Check the timing of the appearance of teeth in your baby in the diagram by clicking on the link above.
How to brush the first teeth of the child -
At the beginning, the teeth that have appeared can be cleaned in the same way as the edentulous gums - with a gauze pad and dental foam. There are also special silicone fingertips with silicone bristles (Fig.3-4), but they are difficult to find in pharmacies; The easiest way to purchase them is in Chinese online stores.
As your child gets used to this procedure, you can begin using a toothbrush. There is no clear deadline for the transition from the use of a gauze pad to a toothbrush. Some pediatric dentists recommend waiting until 4 teeth appear in the row, others recommend waiting until 2 years old.
Toothbrush for babies in the form of a silicone fingertip: photos
How to brush your child's teeth properly -
How to brush your teeth to one year old child: brush your teeth twice a day: in the morning (after breakfast) and before bedtime. Brushing your teeth should last 2 minutes. During cleaning, pay special attention to large chewing teeth (their chewing surface contains grooves, in which children develop caries in the first place).
How to teach a child to brush their teeth -
to teach your child hygiene and make him not afraid of this procedure - present it in the form of a game. Those. play with your child in brushing your teeth: let him brush your teeth with you, and you (in turn) brush your teeth.
Keep in mind that a single toothbrush and toothpaste is not enough for good oral hygiene. This, incidentally, applies to adults! As soon as the child has dental gaps, where the bristles of the brush do not penetrate, it is necessary at least once a day to try to clean them with dental floss. Remember that caries is formed primarily in the interdental spaces and fissures of the chewing teeth, because food residues stay there well (24stoma.ru).
When should children start brushing and flossing themselves?
At about 3-4 years old, you need to start teaching your child to brush their teeth. However, most of the children lack coordination, therefore, up to 5-6 years old you will have to help the child and control this process. As for the dental floss, it is more or less to teach a child to brush the teeth on his own - it is possible at the age of 10-12.
Baby toothbrushes: how to choose
How to choose a toothbrush child: toothbrushes for children produced only with soft bristles. The head of such a toothbrush is much smaller than that of an adult. Many manufacturers make the brush heads rubberized to eliminate the possibility of injury to the delicate mucous membrane of the child.
When buying, pay attention to the packaging - all toothbrushes for children are labeled with information about the recommended child's age for such a brush. You should also choose brushes that have an attractive design, because In this case, the brush will be interesting to the baby, and he will be less afraid of it.
Qualitative models of toothbrushes for children of different ages (age marking on the package of brushes) -
Change the brush every 3 months, but it is possible earlier if the bristles of the toothbrush "fluff" before this period (worn bristles very poorly remove microbial plaque). If you have two children, then each of them should have their own toothbrush. In no case can you brush your child’s teeth with someone else’s toothbrush (including your own).
Electric Baby Toothbrushes -
From about 3 years of age, a variety of baby’s oral hygiene can be brought in with an electric baby’s toothbrush. This brush will be interesting to the child and will make the routine process of brushing your teeth much more interesting. And so that the child is not afraid - you can do everything again in the form of a game: you brush the teeth of the child, and the child brushes your teeth for you.
Just keep in mind that everyone should have their own nozzle, because You should not infect the baby’s oral cavity with the microflora of your oral cavity (for the same reason, you cannot eat from one spoon, try eating a baby with its spoon). When buying an electric brush, pay attention to the age marking: there are different models of brushes that are recommended to be used from 3 years old, from 5 years old, and also from 10-12 years old.
How to choose a toothpaste child -
Most of the parents of babies do not suspect that 99% of reviews of toothpastes on the Internet are hidden advertising or anti-advertising. Moreover, most of all it is on women's forums and blogs. The main target audience of such commentators is women, because in most cases, they are the ones who choose and buy hygiene products for children and for the whole family.
The main lies and manipulations in such comments concern the so-called "harm of fluoride toothpastes", and the need to use only pastes with calcium in children. It is beneficial to several Russian manufacturers specializing in the production of calcium-containing toothpastes.
Strategy for choosing pastes with fluoride or calcium in children -
First of all, fluorine is not a poison at all and is even very useful for teeth (including children’s). Both the Russian Dental Association and the European Society of Dentists declare the exceptional benefits of fluoride toothpastes. And this is confirmed by thousands of clinical studies conducted around the world.
Next, we consider: what kind of paste to choose, based on the age, condition of the oral cavity and other conditions, as well as special pastes that alleviate the symptoms of teething and help to prevent stomatitis in a child.
- Children under the age of 1 year -
strict restrictions on the use of toothpastes with fluoride are only in children under the age of 1 year. Those. at this age, it is really optimal to use toothpastes with calcium (calcium glycerophosphate or hydroxyapatite). This is largely due to the fact that the enamel of the teeth erupting is very weak, because It contains very few minerals (calcium), and therefore it is especially vulnerable to caries.
To a lesser extent, this is due to the fact that children sometimes swallow delicious toothpaste. Only sodium lauryl sulphate and preservatives (more precisely, parabens), to a lesser extent dyes, are dangerous if swallowed. Fluorine, if swallowed, can be dangerous only if you live in a region with a high content of fluoride in drinking water. In this case, the child will receive even more fluoride, and its total excess in the body (during the period of laying out and teething) can lead to dental fluorosis.
However, if you use water purification filters at home, you need to keep in mind that carbon and osmotic filters remove about 80-84% of fluorine from water. This means that there can be a lot of fluorine in the water under the tap, and there is little in the water from the filter. And if fluoride is low, then the risk of developing caries increases dramatically ...
Several excellent pastes for children: photo
About the best toothpastes (taking into account their composition, price, age of the child) - read in our review:
→ "Rating of the best pastes with fluorine and calcium for children of different ages"
- Children aged 1 to 6 years -
Numerous clinical studies have shown the complete safety of using fluoride toothpastes with fluoride concentrations up to 500 ppm, inclusive, in children 1-6 years. All normal toothpastes have on the packaging information on the concentration of fluoride.
At this age, it is optimal to use toothpastes with calcium, but only if your child has completely healthy teeth, or has only a single caries. But, if the carious teeth are three or more, then the child necessarily needs fluoride toothpaste.
- Children over 6 years old -
in children over six years of age, the fluoride concentration of 1000 ppm is optimal. In children over 12 years old, it is best to use the same toothpastes as adults. with a fluoride concentration of about 1400 ppm.
But if you want to get super strong and healthy teeth from a child, then we recommend:
1) or alternate toothpastes - in the morning clean with a paste with calcium glycerophosphate or hydroxyapatite, and in the evening with a paste with fluorine in the form of aminofluoride or sodium fluoride.
2) or regularly use a paste with calcium, but after brushing your teeth, you must use mouthwash with fluoride (such rinses can be used in children from 6 years of age).
Toothpastes to ease teething symptoms -
There are several toothpastes that contain anti-inflammatory ingredients that can make teething easier for the child. At the beginning of the article we already talked about the “SPLAT Junior” dental creams for children from 0 to 4 years old, containing licorice extract, glycyrrhizinate, creatine and arginine. In addition, this manufacturer produces for children not only foam with a similar composition, but also toothpastes.
- Tooth gel with calendula "Weleda" (from 0 to 3 years) -
→ instructions for use
→ manufacturer: company "Weleda" (Germany)
→ contains: alginate, calendula extract, peppermint oil, esculin and fennel oil.
→ cost: 50 ml - from 230 to 300 rubles.
- Paste "ROCS Baby - fragrant chamomile" (from 0 to 3 years) -
→ instructions for use
→ manufacturer: Russia (Moscow region)
→ contains: alginate, chamomile extract
→ cost: 45 grams - from 180 rubles.
Toothpaste, if your child has frequent stomatitis -
In early childhood, children have quite frequent outbreaks of various forms of stomatitis on the oral mucosa. You can, of course, regularly treat aphthous and herpetic forms of stomatitis. But it is much more effective to use special toothpastes to prevent stomatitis, which increase the protective properties (local immunity) of the oral mucosa.
This property has a complex of 4 enzymes: lactoperoxidase, lactoferrin, glucose oxidase and lysozyme. These enzymes are part of -
- foam for teeth and gums "SPLAT Junior" (Fig.15),
- toothpaste "SPLAT Junior" (pic.16)
- toothpaste "SPLAT Juicy Set" (Fig. 17).
Can my child use mouthwash?
As a rule, mouthwash is not recommended for children under 6 years of age. It is at this age that children have the skill not to swallow liquids if necessary and spit them out. It is important to note that mouthwash does not replace traditional tooth brushing. They in no way help to brush your teeth, but they help strengthen the enamel of the teeth due to the fluorine content.
The consequences of poor oral hygiene in children -
Many parents are either very frivolous about oral hygiene in children, or consider their child’s current hygiene to be sufficient and good, which in most cases is self-deception. Inadequate hygiene primarily causes the accumulation of mild microbial plaque and tartar, which in turn leads to -
- the occurrence of gingivitis in a child, i.e. gingivitis (fig.18-19),
- susceptibility to the development of stomatitis,
- tooth decay caries (fig.20-21),
- inflammation of the nerves in the tooth (pulpitis) and severe pain,
- then - to the appearance in the child of fistulas and purulent cones on the gum (Fig.22-23), which will require the obligatory removal of the causal milk teeth.
We hope that our article: From what age you need to brush your child's teeth - turned out to be useful to you! Author: dentist Kamensky K.V., 19 years experience.