Some people experience excessive involuntary compression of the upper and lower teeth. This condition has the term "bruxism". If you hear that your relative or child is gritting his teeth in a dream, it means that he has bruxism.
Most often, it appears at night as a gnash / creak of teeth. But it can also appear during the daytime, which is quite rare and usually proceeds as an unconscious gritting of the teeth, without being creaked or gnashed.
Important: Considering that bruxism can only occur in a dream - you may not even be aware of its existence until you have complications or one of your family members tells about it. Therefore, it is important to know the signs of bruxism, and at the slightest suspicion, immediately contact a dentist.
Why teeth grit in a dream -
Why a person is gritting his teeth in a dream - may have different reasons, which will especially depend on whether it is a child or an adult. Therefore, below we will separately consider the causes and treatment of bruxism in children and adults.
1. Bruxism in children -
According to statistics, gnashing of teeth in a dream is observed in about 15-30% of all children. Most often, bruxism in children is manifested during the eruption of milk or permanent teeth. Most often, children grit their teeth during their sleep, and not during wakefulness.
Gnashing of teeth in a child’s sleep: causes
Why a child gnashes his teeth in a dream - the reasons are one of the following factors -
- psychological factors: anxiety, stress, anxiety, aggression,
- as a response to teething pain,
- bite anomalies (incorrect contact between the teeth),
- due to errors of orthodontic treatment,
- reaction to cold (freezing),
- reaction to intoxication of the body in various diseases,
- as a symptom of dehydration.
The child grits his teeth: what does the child psychologist say
A little dwell on the psychological factors. It is important to evaluate exactly when the gnashing of teeth appeared. Maybe you will notice the coincidence of the time of the beginning of bruxism with the relocation, divorce of parents, change of kindergarten or school, conflicts with classmates, teachers, parents.
It is possible that you may not be aware of the conflict that your child is experiencing. Therefore, it is very important to have a relationship of trust and try to talk to the child on this topic. Try to make every effort so that he shares his experiences with you.
Important: there are other symptoms, noticing that you may suggest increased anxiety in a child. This may be the habit of biting nails, twitching and twisting of hair, as well as any other "nervous habits" that you may notice. Talking with the child, be patient and sympathetic, do not be nervous and do not raise your voice to him.
Treatment Methods -
As a rule, the intervention of the doctor is not required, especially in children of preschool age. However, it is still worthwhile to take the child for a consultation to the dentist in order not to miss the complications associated with the teeth. But in older children, additional treatment methods may be needed (exactly the same as in adults), for example, mouth guards, tires, temporary crowns.
What can be done at home -
- Try to reduce your child’s stress, especially at bedtime,
- very well helps massage, stretching exercises,
- hot bath before bedtime
- heat packs on the chewing muscles,
- the child should receive enough water throughout the day,
- you should exclude from the diet of the child sweet soda (cola, pepsi), because they contain caffeine, as well as strong tea or coffee,
- It is not advisable to give the child chocolate, because it also contains caffeine,
- chewing gum is not desirable (they give even more tone to the chewing muscles).
2. Gnashing of teeth in a dream in adults -
Most often, bruxism in children occurs at a younger age, and by the teenage period this disease usually resolves. However, this disease is very rare in adults. Most of the factors that contribute to the appearance of teeth gnashing in adults are of a psychological nature, and in the second place are the characteristics of the bite.
Gnashing of teeth in a dream: causes in adults
- increased anxiety, stress, anger, aggressiveness,
- hyperactive or nervous personality type,
- as a response to the pain of teething wisdom,
- abnormal type of bite,
- wrong contact between upper and lower teeth,
- with orthodontic treatment errors,
- often bruxism occurs on the background of acid reflux into the esophagus,
- as a side effect of certain medications (for example, antidepressants).
Predisposing factors -
smoking tobacco, caffeinated beverages, alcohol, drugs (methamphetamine or ecstasy) increase the risk of bruxism.
Bruxism: symptoms in adults
If you live alone, then you may not know that you grit your teeth in a dream. However, you can conduct the first inspection yourself, the results of which you can assume the presence of bruxism. Looking at your teeth in the mirror, you may notice the following symptoms that speak of bruxism -
- the chewing surface of the teeth is flat (chewing bumps erased, cutting edges of the incisors),
- there are cracks and chips on the teeth,
- teeth marks on the inner surface of the cheeks and tongue.
Patients may also make the following complaints on -
- increase tooth sensitivity to stimuli,
- touching the jaws and face can hurt,
- tiredness or tension of the masticatory muscles
- pain in the ear (due to problems in the temporomandibular joint),
- frequent headaches.
When it is necessary to see a doctor immediately -
1) If your teeth are erased, there are numerous cracks and chipped teeth.
2) If you experience pain in the jaws, in the face or ear.
3) If your loved ones complain of gnashing of teeth at night (while you sleep).
4) If you open and close your mouth, a crunch / click in the temporomandibular joints occurs. and sometimes you find it difficult to open or close your mouth.
Bruxism: treatment in adults
In many cases, treatment is not absolutely necessary. As we have already said: for many children, bruxism at adolescence passes without treatment itself. In addition, most adults do not grit their teeth so hard that it requires therapy. Nevertheless, it is very important to determine - how serious the problem is with you. And for this, of course, need expert advice (24stoma.ru).
The choice of treatment methods will depend on the severity of bruxism and the primary reason for its development. So, if your dentist suspects a significant psychological component of gnashing of teeth - the dentist may also recommend that you seek the advice of a psychotherapist to normalize sleep and relieve anxiety with medication.
1. Dental treatments -
These methods help protect the teeth from destruction and premature abrasion. It should be understood that by themselves they can not stop bruxism, and perform only a protective function.
- Tires and mouthguards -
they protect the teeth when they are grinding and excessive compression. They can be made of hard acrylic or soft materials. They are used, as a rule, only at night during sleep.
- Selective grinding of teeth -
if the cause of bruxism is the wrong ratio of the chewing surfaces of the lower and upper teeth - you can offer to carry out a selective grinding of the teeth, which is to create the correct contact between the upper and lower teeth.
- Prosthetics -
in severe forms of bruxism, when there is a significant erasure of the chewing surfaces of the teeth, artificial crowns are used to restore the teeth and protect them from further destruction.
2. Drug therapy -
Medications are usually not very effective for treating bruxism, and it is better to use dental treatments. However, in some conditions associated with hyperactivity and increased nervousness - medications may have an additional effect. Examples of drugs that can be used for bruxism include:
- Muscle relaxants -
In some cases, the doctor may suggest that you take a muscle relaxant at bedtime for a short period of time. It should be borne in mind that these are prescription drugs that reduce the reaction time, which can be dangerous for motorists.
- Botox injections in the chewing muscles -
such injections are used in severe forms of bruxism, when other treatments have proved ineffective. A carefully selected Botox concentration in this case will help reduce the force of contraction of the masticatory muscles.
Lifestyle and home remedies -
These self-help steps will help prevent or reduce manifestations of bruxism ...
- Reduce stress -
listening to music, taking warm baths and any other pleasant things will help you relieve stress, and thus reduce the psychological component of the cause of the development of bruxism.
- Avoid the use of stimulants in the evening -
Do not drink caffeinated coffee or tea after dinner, avoid alcohol and smoking in the evening, because they can worsen bruxism. Try to avoid sugary carbonated beverages (cola, pepsi, etc.), as well as chocolate.
- Get enough sleep -
A good full night's sleep will help reduce the manifestations of bruxism.
- Heat packs -
before going to bed, use a heating pad to make heat compresses on the chewing muscles (these are those that are located in front of and below the ear, outside the mandible branch). This will allow them to be relaxed at night.
- Avoid bad habits -
Try not to gnaw a pencil / pen, do not chew gum, because All this stimulates the tone of the masticatory muscles. It is very important to teach yourself not to compress teeth strongly during the daytime. If you notice that you have excessive compression of the teeth, then with compressed lips, try to keep the tip of the tongue between your teeth. This practice trains the jaw muscles to relax.
Complications of bruxism -
- tooth decay, artificial crowns and restorations,
- jaw deformity
- pain and crunch in the temporomandibular joints.
We hope that our article was useful to you!
Author: dentist Kamensky K.V., 19 years experience.